Ectropion and entropion are common disorders of the eyelid margin that can directly affect ocular function and patient comfort; surgical repair is commonly performed.
Ectropion (out-turning of the eyelid) can present with chronic eye irritation, infection, and dermatitis, among other signs and symptoms. Tearing is a common, irritation, and exposure to dry eyes. Left untreated, corneal scars can form. Mild conditions can be treated with frequent lubrications. Moderate to severe cases require surgical treatment by tightening the affected lower eyelid.
Entropion (in-turning of the eyelid) presents as an irritated eye with foreign-body sensation caused by inwardly rotated eyelashes and eyelid skin. The eye is red from constant rubbing of the eye surface by rough eyelid skin. Most patients end up needing surgery to repair it.